What Is Law?


The law is a system of rules that a society or government develops in order to deal with crimes, business agreements, and social relationships. People who work in this field are called lawyers, judges, and law enforcement officials. The term law can also refer to the book that describes the rules of a particular legal system, such as common or international law.

A judge is a government official who has the power to decide lawsuits brought before the court. A lawyer is a person who works with prosecutors to defend or prosecute criminal defendants. A lawyer who represents victims of crime is known as a victim advocate. A court clerk is a person who works with judges and lawyers by performing administrative tasks and maintaining records for the courts.

A jury is a group of people who sit in court and hear evidence in a case before they make their decision about the guilt or innocence of the defendant. The jury’s verdict is then formally recorded in the court records. A lawyer who argues on behalf of the plaintiff in a civil case is called a plaintiff’s counsel. A lawyer who argues on behalf of a defendant in a criminal case is called a defendant’s counsel.

In law school students learn about different legal systems, including the law of nations, international law, and civil law. They also learn about how law is enforced, such as by the police and by judges.

Law is a complex matter. It is a general rule imposed by an authority commanding what is right and forbidding what is wrong. It must be uniform as to persons, binding everywhere in the jurisdiction of the country, and permanent as to its subject.

The Bible teaches that all laws must be consistent with God’s general will, revealed in Scripture and in the natural world. Sir William Blackstone, an English jurist whose Commentaries on the Law of England helped shape America’s founding fathers, taught that man’s laws should be in harmony with the law of nature and the law of revelation.

In addition to the Biblical teaching that laws should be based on reason and morality, a legal scholar must look at how the rules of a specific law are justified. For example, the legal justification for a particular rule may be that it is necessary to protect individual rights or public safety. However, this justification does not mean that the rule is valid. It must also be proven that the law is enforceable, which requires a high degree of competence in interpreting and enforcing the law.