Techopedia Explains Technology


Technology is the application of scientific knowledge to practical aims, such as changing and manipulating the environment. It is also the study of how to make these technologies more effective and easier for people to use, including developing a deeper understanding of the ways in which they work.

Technology has a wide range of meanings and is applied in a diverse variety of ways. It can be considered everything from a hammer to a nuclear reactor, but it is usually understood to be the human-made tools, machines and systems that help us cope with the challenges of daily life. Some of these challenges include food, shelter and energy. Other technological solutions include transportation, communication and healthcare.

It is possible to break down the term further to include three main areas: Science, Engineering and Technology. Science is the reasoned study of phenomena, aiming to find enduring principles and patterns in nature using formal methods. Engineering is the goal-oriented process of designing and making tools and systems to exploit natural phenomena for practical human purposes, using results and techniques from science. Technology is both a product of and a process that transcends both science and engineering, and draws on many fields of knowledge, such as scientific, mathematical, linguistic and historical research, in order to achieve its practical outcomes.

Techopedia Explains Technology

In the world of business, the definition of technology tends to be a bit more narrow and sector-specific. It can refer to IT – information technology, which encompasses computer networks, servers and software – or it may be used to describe any device or system that improves the efficiency and effectiveness of an organisation’s internal processes. This can include things like digital printers, virtual meetings and cloud storage.

When technology is used to change the way that businesses operate, it is sometimes called ‘digital transformation’. Digital transformation involves the use of software and online tools to streamline and automate certain processes that would otherwise be labour-intensive or impossible to perform manually. This allows organisations to run more efficiently, while enabling employees to collaborate across locations and time zones.

The impact of technology on society is huge, and it’s important for individuals and companies to understand how the various technologies we depend upon work. For example, it is important to know how different computers and mobile devices differ in terms of their operating systems (OS) and hardware specifications, so that you can choose the right type for your needs.

It is also worth bearing in mind that when a piece of technology becomes popular, it often implicitly endorses its own route and ends above others. For example, when cameras shifted from film to digital, they prioritized one route of creating photographs and bypassed another, such as analogue photography and darkrooms. This meant that the inefficient and labor-intensive pathway of film photography was deprioritized, along with behaviors such as spending hours retouching images.